1The LORD also said to Moses,
2"Give the following instructions to the entire community of Israel. You must be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy.
3"Each of you must show great respect for your mother and father, and you must always observe my Sabbath days of rest. I am the LORD your God.
4"Do not put your trust in idols or make metal images of gods for yourselves. I am the LORD your God.
5"When you sacrifice a peace offering to the LORD, offer it properly so you* will be accepted by God.
6The sacrifice must be eaten on the same day you offer it or on the next day. Whatever is left over until the third day must be completely burned up.
7If any of the sacrifice is eaten on the third day, it will be contaminated, and I will not accept it.
8Anyone who eats it on the third day will be punished for defiling what is holy to the LORD and will be cut off from the community.
9"When you harvest the crops of your land, do not harvest the grain along the edges of your fields, and do not pick up what the harvesters drop.
10It is the same with your grape crop—do not strip every last bunch of grapes from the vines, and do not pick up the grapes that fall to the ground. Leave them for the poor and the foreigners living among you. I am the LORD your God.
11"Do not steal.
"Do not deceive or cheat one another.
12"Do not bring shame on the name of your God by using it to swear falsely. I am the LORD.
13"Do not defraud or rob your neighbor.
"Do not make your hired workers wait until the next day to receive their pay.
14"Do not insult the deaf or cause the blind to stumble. You must fear your God; I am the LORD.
15"Do not twist justice in legal matters by favoring the poor or being partial to the rich and powerful. Always judge people fairly.
16"Do not spread slanderous gossip among your people.*
"Do not stand idly by when your neighbor's life is threatened. I am the LORD.
17"Do not nurse hatred in your heart for any of your relatives.* Confront people directly so you will not be held guilty for their sin.
18"Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against a fellow Israelite, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.
19"You must obey all my decrees.
"Do not mate two different kinds of animals. Do not plant your field with two different kinds of seed. Do not wear clothing woven from two different kinds of thread.
20"If a man has sex with a slave girl whose freedom has never been purchased but who is committed to become another man's wife, he must pay full compensation to her master. But since she is not a free woman, neither the man nor the woman will be put to death.
21The man, however, must bring a ram as a guilt offering and present it to the LORD at the entrance of the Tabernacle.*
22The priest will then purify him* before the LORD with the ram of the guilt offering, and the man's sin will be forgiven.
23"When you enter the land and plant fruit trees, leave the fruit unharvested for the first three years and consider it forbidden.* Do not eat it.
24In the fourth year the entire crop must be consecrated to the LORD as a celebration of praise.
25Finally, in the fifth year you may eat the fruit. If you follow this pattern, your harvest will increase. I am the LORD your God.
26"Do not eat meat that has not been drained of its blood.
"Do not practice fortune-telling or witchcraft.
27"Do not trim off the hair on your temples or trim your beards.
28"Do not cut your bodies for the dead, and do not mark your skin with tattoos. I am the LORD.
29"Do not defile your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will be filled with prostitution and wickedness.
30"Keep my Sabbath days of rest, and show reverence toward my sanctuary. I am the LORD.
31"Do not defile yourselves by turning to mediums or to those who consult the spirits of the dead. I am the LORD your God.
32"Stand up in the presence of the elderly, and show respect for the aged. Fear your God. I am the LORD.
33"Do not take advantage of foreigners who live among you in your land.
34Treat them like native-born Israelites, and love them as you love yourself. Remember that you were once foreigners living in the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.
35"Do not use dishonest standards when measuring length, weight, or volume.
36Your scales and weights must be accurate. Your containers for measuring dry materials or liquids must be accurate.* I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
37"You must be careful to keep all of my decrees and regulations by putting them into practice. I am the LORD."
1Very early in the morning the leading priests and the elders of the people met again to lay plans for putting Jesus to death.
2Then they bound him, led him away, and took him to Pilate, the Roman governor.
3When Judas, who had betrayed him, realized that Jesus had been condemned to die, he was filled with remorse. So he took the thirty pieces of silver back to the leading priests and the elders.
4"I have sinned," he declared, "for I have betrayed an innocent man."
"What do we care?" they retorted. "That's your problem."
5Then Judas threw the silver coins down in the Temple and went out and hanged himself.
6The leading priests picked up the coins. "It wouldn't be right to put this money in the Temple treasury," they said, "since it was payment for murder."*
7After some discussion they finally decided to buy the potter's field, and they made it into a cemetery for foreigners.
8That is why the field is still called the Field of Blood.
9This fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah that says,
"They took* the thirty pieces of silver—
the price at which he was valued by the people of Israel,
10and purchased the potter's field,
as the LORD directed.*"
11Now Jesus was standing before Pilate, the Roman governor. "Are you the king of the Jews?" the governor asked him.
Jesus replied, "You have said it."
12But when the leading priests and the elders made their accusations against him, Jesus remained silent.
13"Don't you hear all these charges they are bringing against you?" Pilate demanded.
14But Jesus made no response to any of the charges, much to the governor's surprise.
15Now it was the governor's custom each year during the Passover celebration to release one prisoner to the crowd—anyone they wanted.
16This year there was a notorious prisoner, a man named Barabbas.*
17As the crowds gathered before Pilate's house that morning, he asked them, "Which one do you want me to release to you—Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?"
18(He knew very well that the religious leaders had arrested Jesus out of envy.)
19Just then, as Pilate was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent him this message: "Leave that innocent man alone. I suffered through a terrible nightmare about him last night."
20Meanwhile, the leading priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas to be released and for Jesus to be put to death.
21So the governor asked again, "Which of these two do you want me to release to you?"
The crowd shouted back, "Barabbas!"
22Pilate responded, "Then what should I do with Jesus who is called the Messiah?"
They shouted back, "Crucify him!"
23"Why?" Pilate demanded. "What crime has he committed?"
But the mob roared even louder, "Crucify him!"
24Pilate saw that he wasn't getting anywhere and that a riot was developing. So he sent for a bowl of water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of this man's blood. The responsibility is yours!"
25And all the people yelled back, "We will take responsibility for his death—we and our children!"*
26So Pilate released Barabbas to them. He ordered Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip, then turned him over to the Roman soldiers to be crucified.
27Some of the governor's soldiers took Jesus into their headquarters* and called out the entire regiment.
28They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him.
29They wove thorn branches into a crown and put it on his head, and they placed a reed stick in his right hand as a scepter. Then they knelt before him in mockery and taunted, "Hail! King of the Jews!"
30And they spit on him and grabbed the stick and struck him on the head with it.
31When they were finally tired of mocking him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him again. Then they led him away to be crucified.
32Along the way, they came across a man named Simon, who was from Cyrene,* and the soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.
33And they went out to a place called Golgotha (which means "Place of the Skull").
34The soldiers gave him wine mixed with bitter gall, but when he had tasted it, he refused to drink it.
35After they had nailed him to the cross, the soldiers gambled for his clothes by throwing dice.*
36Then they sat around and kept guard as he hung there.
37A sign was fastened above Jesus' head, announcing the charge against him. It read: "This is Jesus, the King of the Jews."
38Two revolutionaries* were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.
39The people passing by shouted abuse, shaking their heads in mockery.
40"Look at you now!" they yelled at him. "You said you were going to destroy the Temple and rebuild it in three days. Well then, if you are the Son of God, save yourself and come down from the cross!"
41The leading priests, the teachers of religious law, and the elders also mocked Jesus.
42"He saved others," they scoffed, "but he can't save himself! So he is the King of Israel, is he? Let him come down from the cross right now, and we will believe in him!
43He trusted God, so let God rescue him now if he wants him! For he said, `I am the Son of God.'"
44Even the revolutionaries who were crucified with him ridiculed him in the same way.
45At noon, darkness fell across the whole land until three o'clock.
46At about three o'clock, Jesus called out with a loud voice, "Eli, Eli,* lema sabachthani?" which means "My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?"*
47Some of the bystanders misunderstood and thought he was calling for the prophet Elijah.
48One of them ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, holding it up to him on a reed stick so he could drink.
49But the rest said, "Wait! Let's see whether Elijah comes to save him."*
50Then Jesus shouted out again, and he released his spirit.
51At that moment the curtain in the sanctuary of the Temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. The earth shook, rocks split apart,
52and tombs opened. The bodies of many godly men and women who had died were raised from the dead.
53They left the cemetery after Jesus' resurrection, went into the holy city of Jerusalem, and appeared to many people.
54The Roman officer* and the other soldiers at the crucifixion were terrified by the earthquake and all that had happened. They said, "This man truly was the Son of God!"
55And many women who had come from Galilee with Jesus to care for him were watching from a distance.
56Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary (the mother of James and Joseph), and the mother of James and John, the sons of Zebedee.
57As evening approached, Joseph, a rich man from Arimathea who had become a follower of Jesus,
58went to Pilate and asked for Jesus' body. And Pilate issued an order to release it to him.
59Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a long sheet of clean linen cloth.
60He placed it in his own new tomb, which had been carved out of the rock. Then he rolled a great stone across the entrance and left.
61Both Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were sitting across from the tomb and watching.
62The next day, on the Sabbath,* the leading priests and Pharisees went to see Pilate.
63They told him, "Sir, we remember what that deceiver once said while he was still alive: `After three days I will rise from the dead.'
64So we request that you seal the tomb until the third day. This will prevent his disciples from coming and stealing his body and then telling everyone he was raised from the dead! If that happens, we'll be worse off than we were at first."
65Pilate replied, "Take guards and secure it the best you can."
66So they sealed the tomb and posted guards to protect it.